Ngorongoro District in Arusha Region
Ngorongoro district in Arusha Region started in the late years of 18TH Century by the German as an administrative division. The name Ngorongoro derived from a local dialect (Korongoro)- meaning depression. It was officially in augurated in 1983 as a District council.
Localtion and area: Ngorongoro district council covers an area of 14,036 square kilometers and is composed of plains with small scattered hills. It lies between latitude 3030” South of the Equator and 350 5425”East of Greenwich. Moreover, the area of Ngorongoro district is a slope, which slowly falls down towards rift valley. It lies on altitudes 1,535 and 1,320 meters above level. The highest peak is 1675 meters. Scattered hills are found at most in the west and South of Ngorongoro district.
Land Area of Ngorongoro District in Arusha Region: Council total area (square kilometers) 14,036.00 sq. km. Land Area 13,560sq.km, Area covered with water 476.00sq.km, Conservation forests 842.16 sq.km, Highland areas 12,430 sq.km, Lowland areas 1606 sq.km, Area for fishery 456 sq.km, Hunting area 4000 sq.km, Arable land 50,000Ha. Area under cultivation 23,802Ha, Irrigation land 2,020Ha and irrigation land under cultivation 1030.2Ha.
Climate of Ngorongoro district: The District is characterized by tropical climate whereby some areas (sale division) are hot and dry while other areas receive high rainfall, which varies between 400mm and 600mm. The district experience some strong and dry winds blowing normally from the East to the West. The land is covered by open grassland with scattered shrubs of Acacia types especially in central, eastern and western parts. Rift valley escarpment and patches of highland forests cover East and North-east parts. The southern part of the district is famous of Ngorongoro conservation Areas under the control of Ngorongoro conservation Area Authority (NCAA.)
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