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Longido District in Arusha Region

Longido District in Arusha Region  is one of the 7 district councils of Arusha Region. It is situated between Latitude 2.2° and 3.1° south of the Equator and Longitude 36.0° and 37.3° east of Greenwich. It is bordered by Meru and Rombo District Councils to the East, Ngorongoro to the west, Monduli and Arusha Districts to the south and Siha District Council to the south East. To the North lies the Republic of Kenya

Economy: The main economic activities of Longido are livestock raring and wildlife. More than 90 percent of the population is engaged in livestock keeping. Large scale farming is practiced in the North –East part of the District; Subsistence farming is the main form of farming. Livestock keeping is the main predominant economic activity.

Administration: Administratively, the District is divided into 3 divisions called Longido, Ketumbeine  and Enduimet, 16 wards, 41villages and 136 subvillages. 7 wards out of 16 and 9 villages are new formed in year 2010.

Land Area: The District has an area of 7,782 square kilometers of which 6,392.35 square kilometers is grazing land (82.14 percent), 1,023.90 square kilometers  is arable land (13.6 percent), 292.23 square kilometers is land under cultivation and 365.78 square kilometers is under  forest reserve.

…….. Completetly Travel Guide to Longido ………


Climate:  Longido district is recorded as one  of the driest areas in Tanzania, the temperature ranges from 20c-35-c. Rainfall ranges from less than 500 mm in lowlands  to 900 mm in high altitude. From year 2007 the district experienced prolonged dry season. Rainfall dropped from 500 mm-900mm to 79.3 mm-179mm. Short rains normally start in October and ends in December while the Long rains start from  February to April.

Topography and Vegetation: There are several isolated mountains that are found in Longido District, These include, Ketumbeine, Gelai, Oldonyo Lengai and Longido Mountain. Altitude ranges from 600m for the low elevation to 2, 900m at high elevations. The vegetation found is mixed forest, bushlands, and grasslands. Major economic activities found in highland zones include cash crop farming (Maize, wheat and beans) and livestock keeping is also practiced.

Soils: There are three types of soil found in Longido District. This includes shallow soils, which are poor, and not suitable for agriculture, deep freely soils that are rich in natural fertility but poor infiltration rate and deep freely drained soils that are suitable for crop production.

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